|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
 
    OF365携其品牌家具与您一起打造美好办公环境!Better OF365,Better Life!品牌家族成员:芬兰AVARTE; 美国KI; 意大利ORA; 瑞士USM; 英国NEO; 墨西哥mobelsys; 意大利FARAM; 马来西亚Merryfair; 新西兰Actiforce;德国Interstuhl.....
  
 20世纪著名设计师
Anglepoise
Archigram
Alvar Aalto

Aluminium

Assa Ashuach
Andrew Blauvelt
Art and Craft Movement
Achille Castiglion

Alan Fletcher

Abram Games
Alec Issigonis
Arne Jacobsen
Alexander McQueen

Aston Martin

Amit Pitaru
Alison+Peter Smithson
Barber Osgerby
Berthold Lubetkin
Ben Wilson
Committee
Concorde
Christian Dior
Christopher Dresser
Charles+Ray Eames
Craig Johnston
Charlotte Perriand
Chris O'Shea
Cedric Price
Charles Rennie Mackintosh
Cameron Sinclair
Constance Spry
Derek Birdsall
Daniel Brown
Doshi Levien
Droog

David Mellor

Dieter Rams
Experimental Jetset
Established and Sons
Ern Goldfinger
Eileen Gray
Enzo Mari
Edward McKnight Kauffer
Eelko Moorer
Ernest Race
Ettore Sottsass
Ed Swan

Flaminio Bertoni

FUEL
Fernando+Humberto Campana
Future Systems
Finn Magee
Foreign Office Architects
Frank Pick
Frank Lloyd Wright
Georg Baldele
Gio Ponti
Giles Gilbert Scott
Graphic Thought Facility
Hilary Cottam
Hella Jongerius
Hiroko Shiratori
Isambard Kingdom Brunel
Irma Boom
Industrial Facility
Isamu Noguchi
Jonathan Barnbrook
Joe Colombo
Jasper Morrison
Joshua Davis
John Galliano
Jamie Hewlett
James Irvine
Jonathan Ive
James Jarvis
Julia Lohmann
Jean Prouvé
J. Mays
James Paterson
Jock Kinneir + Margaret Calvert
Jerszy Seymour
Jop van Bennekom
Konstantin Grcic
Kerr Noble
Khashayar Naimanan
Luis Barragán
Leopold + Rudolf Blaschka
Luigi Colani
Luis Eslava
Louis Kahn
London Transport
Made
Manolo Blahnik
Maarten Baas
Marcel Breuer
Matthew Carter
Michael Cross + Julie Mathias
Max Lamb
M/M
Michael Young
Michael Marriott
Müller+Hess
Marc Newson
Memphis
Matthias Megyeri
Mevis en Van Deursen
Maureen Mooren + Daniel van der Velden
Norman Foster
Nadine Jarvis
Norm
Onkar Singh Kular
Paul Cocksedge
Penguin Books
Pascal Anson
Peter Marigold
Phyllis Pearsall
Plywood
Peter Saville
Percy Shaw
Paul Cocksedge
Paul Smith
Philip Treacy
Philip Worthington
Ron Arad
R. Buckminster Fuller
Ronan + Erwan Bouroullec
Robert Brownjohn
Robin + Lucienne Day
Ross Lovegrove
Reginald Mitchell
Rockstar Games
Richard Rogers
Robert Wilson
Richard Sweeney
Solange Azagury - Partridge
Saul Bass
Sebastian Bergne
Sam Buxton
Superstudio
Simon Heijdens
Stefan Sagmeister
Sarah van Gameren
Tim Berners-Lee
Tord Boontje
Tomás Alonso
Tom Dixon
The Guardian
Thomas Heatherwick
The MARS Group
Tim Simpson
Timorous Beasties
Verner Panton
Viable
Vivienne Westwood
Wells Coates
Yugo Nakamura
Zaha Hadid
20世纪著名设计师  
Percy Shaw

Inventor + Industrial Designer (1890-1976)
Designing Modern Britain - Design Museum
Until 26 November 2006


Said to be inspired by the sight of his car head lamps reflected in the eyes of a cat on a dark, foggy night, PERCY SHAW (1890-1976) invented the Catseye reflective road marker. Manufactured by the company founded by Shaw in his hometown of Halifax, Yorkshire, millions of Catseyes have been installed in roads all over the world.

The romantic version of the story of how the Yorkshire road mender Percy Shaw invented the Catseye is that one foggy night in 1933 he was driving back to his home in the Boothtown area of Halifax from nearby Bradford when he hit a perilous stretch of road with a sheer drop down a hillside to the right of the road.

Drivers like Shaw usually depended on the reflection of their car headlights in tram tracks to guide them along the road, but the tracks had been removed for repair. It was so dark and foggy that Shaw could not see where the road ended and the hillside began, until suddenly he spotted in the darkness the reflections of his car headlamps in the eyes of a cat sitting by the road. It is then that he is said to have hit upon the idea for replicating the reflection of a cat’s eyes to guide drivers along dark and dangerous roads.

Percy Shaw sometimes told a more pedestrian version of the story in which his inspiration came from spotting reflective road markers beside a road. Whatever the truth, he realised that as more and more Britons were starting to drive in the 1930s they needed reflective road markers to help them to find their way at night. Children all over the world have since been told the romantic version of his invention of the Catseye to teach them that inspiring ideas can strike at any time and that if they are shrewd enough to patent and manufacture their ideas, they can become very wealthy like Percy Shaw.

Born in 1890 in the Lee Mount area of Halifax, Shaw was one of fourteen children. Their father, Jimmy, was a dyer’s labourer who struggled to support his family on a £1 weekly wage from a local textile mill. The family moved to Boothtown when Shaw was two. He and his siblings earned money by selling vegetables from their garden. Shaw left school at 13 and had a series of odd jobs, eventually running a blacksmith’s forge with his father. Even as a child he loved inventing things, notably games. As an adult his inventions ranged from backing carpets with rubber, to an unsuccessful attempt to design a petrol pump. By the early 1930s Shaw had set up a business to repair roads, paths and pavements using a mechanical roller he had made from an old Ford engine and three lorry wheels.

Having hit upon the idea of inventing a reflective road marker, Shaw spent several years developing it. His challenge was to create a device which would be bright enough illuminate the roads for drivers at night, but would work in all weathers and be robust enough to cope with cars and trucks driving on top of it. To make matters even more complicated, as the markers would be installed in thousands of miles of road the need for maintenance had to be minimised.

Shaw’s eventual design consisted of four glass beads placed in two pairs facing in opposite directions, embedded within a flexible rubber moulding which was mounted on a cast iron base. The device was buried in the road and fixed in position with asphalt. When vehicles drove over the dome the rubber contracted and the glass beads dropped safely beneath the road surface. Aiming for minimal maintenance, Shaw even devised a way for his Catseyes to clean themselves. The cast iron base collected rain water and whenever the top of the dome was depressed, the rubber would wash rainwater across the glass beads to clear away any dust or grime that had gathered there, just as the human eye can be cleansed by tears.

The patent for the Catseye was registered in 1934 and, the following year, Shaw set up a company called Reflecting Roadstuds Ltd to manufacture his invention. He founded the company with £500 of capital and opened a factory beside his home in Boothtown. In 1936 Shaw conducted a public experiment at his own expense by installing fifty Catseyes on a dangerous stretch of road outside Bradford. The number of accidents on the road fell sharply and local drivers attributed this to the visibility provided by Shaw’s road markers.

Concerned about the growing number of night-time road accidents, the Department for Transport staged a competition in 1937 to find a robust road reflector. Percy Shaw won the competition with the Catseye after rival models either broke during the trial or were deemed to be ineffective. Nonetheless Reflecting Roadstuds found it difficult to drum up orders until World War II when driving at night became even more perilous because of the government-imposed blackouts to thwart German bombers. The company accelerated its expansion after the the war and eventually occupied a 20 acre site in Boothtown. At its peak it employed 130 people to manufacture over a million Catseyes a year for export all over the world.

By enabling motorists to drive more safely at night, Shaw’s invention is credited with having saved many thousands of people from death or injury in accidents. Reflecting Roadstuds diversified into other road products but Catseyes continued to represent the bulk of its business. Percy Shaw and his colleagues refined the original design over the years to take advantage of the availability of new materials and production processes. He and his company remained in Boothtown, where Shaw lived until his death in 1976 as a much admired, if eccentric local figure. He disdained carpets, curtains and other comforts for his home, but parked a pair of Rolls-Royces outside and stocked the cellar with crates of Worthington’s White Shield, his favourite beer.

Design Museum

FURTHER READING

Florence Edwards, Catseyes: Biography of Percy Shaw, Blackwell Publishers, 1972

For more information on British design and architecture go to Design in Britain, the online archive run in collaboration by the Design Museum and the British Council, at designmuseum.org/designinbritain

 
  相关图片

Percy Shaw, designer of the Catseye, in his Reflective Roadstuds factory

 
 
 

The tramlines on the road from Bradford to Halifax where Percy Shaw is said to have been inspired to invent the Catseye

 
 
 

An early catalogue promoting the Catseye

 
 
 

Short Type Catseye - the standard model originally used for all roads free from unusually heavy traffic

 
 
 

Long Type Catseye - a modified model specifically designed for roads carrying heavy traffic, such as bulldozers

 
 
 

Demonstration of the Catseye's self-wiping action

 
 
 

Catseyes on a road at night

 
 
 

Factory and headquarters of Reflecting Roadstuds Ltd. in Boothtown, Halifax

 
 
 
 

Catseyes being installed in an Autostrada outside Milan, Italy

 
 
 

Catseyes on the Sydney Harbour Bridge, Australia

 
 
 

The making of contemporary Catseyes - this machine coats the lens of the Catseye with layers of protective paint

 
 
 

Long Type Catseye today













OF365 Furniture Group 旗下行业家具站点:
国际学校家具网幼儿园家具网医院家具网实验室家具网苏州防静电产品图书馆家具品牌办公家具银行家具法院家具设计院家具商业空间家具
OF365 Furniture Group 旗下办公家具站点:
标准化办公家具网办公家具工程网钢制办公家具网品牌办公椅网、上海办公家具网北京办公家具网Office Furniture上海培训椅网
OF365 Furniture Group 全国服务商:
上海北京广州苏州深圳天津重庆杭州无锡成都青岛宁波大连武汉南京沈阳哈尔滨佛山烟台石家庄济南唐山泉州福州长春温州郑州绍兴潍坊大庆淄博南通台州东莞长沙保定济宁常州徐州西安嘉兴临沂威海鞍山、香港澳门台湾
OF365 Furniture Group 推荐著名家具公司站点:
www.walterknoll.de www.vitra.com www.interstuhl.de www.wilkhahn.com www.samas.nl www.artifort.com www.vs-furniture.com
www.steelcase.com www.fantoni.it www.kloeber.com www.fritzhansen.com www.bene.com www.bisley.com www.hermanmiller.com
www.silver-chair.net www.faram.com www.wilkhahn.com www.girsberger.com
www.knoll.com www.sedus.com www.haworth-asia.com
还有2000个世界著名品牌办公家具网址等着您......

OF365(中国)投资  上海纵横家具有限公司
中国·上海市闵行区莘庄开发区申南路59号泰弘研发园1号行政大楼506室

电话:(86)021-34635339 传真:(86)021-34635118  
联系人:曾小姐   手机:15201860004 
E-mail:zenghuagen@of365.org

WWW.OF365.COM
版权所有 2009-2013 copyright ©